Impact of Reduced Tobacco Smoking on Lung Cancer Mortality in the United States During 1975-2000
CISNET Lung Working Group Receives Publication Award
The Editorial staff of Risk Analysis: An International Journal, has selected the special monograph entitled: The Impact of the Reduction in Tobacco Smoking on U.S. Lung Cancer Mortality (1975-2000): Collective Results from the Cancer Intervention and Surveillance Modeling Network (CISNET), edited by Eric Feuer, Suresh Moolgavkar, David Levy, Marek Kimmel and Lauren Clarke, as the Best Issue of 2012. The award will be announced at the Annual Meeting of the Society for Risk Analysis.
Information about the Article
Smoking rates in the U.S. have declined dramatically since the first Surgeon General’s Report on Smoking and Health in 1964. In this study, CISNET finds nearly 800,000 deaths were prevented due to declines in smoking from 1975 through 2000. This study examines the impact of changes in smoking behaviors on lung cancer mortality based on detailed reconstructions of cigarette smoking histories for people born from 1890 through 1970, as well as how many lung cancer deaths could have been averted had tobacco control efforts been perfect in eradicating cigarette smoking just after the first Surgeon General’s report.
The results of this study were published online March 14, 2012 and print version on April 4, 2012, in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute and expanded upon in the journal Risk Analysis online on August 7, 2012 and in the August 2012 print version with more details and specifics about the analysis.
Article Summarizing the Work
Moolgavkar SH, Holford TR, Levy DT, Kong CY, Foy M, Clarke L, Jeon J, Hazelton WD, Meza R, Schultz F, McCarthy W, Boer R, Gorlova O, Gazelle GS, Kimmel M, McMahon PM, de Koning HJ, Feuer EJ. The Impact of the Reduction in Tobacco Smoking on U.S. Lung Cancer Mortality (1975-2000): Collective Results from the Cancer Intervention and Surveillance Modeling Network. J Natl Cancer Inst 2012 Apr 4;104(7):541-8. Epub 2012 Mar 14. [Abstract] [Full Text]
Special Issue of the journal Risk Analysis with complete technical details
Feuer EJ, Moolgavkar SH, Levy DT, Kimmel M, Clarke LD (editors). The Impact of Tobacco Smoking on U.S. Lung Cancer Mortality (1975-2000): Collective Results from the Cancer Intervention and Surveillance Modeling Network (CISNET). Risk Anal 2012; 32 (S1). E-pub Aug 7, 2012. [Journal Web Site]
Special Issue Resources
Please refer to the specific chapters for details on these resources:
- Chapter 2: Birth-Cohort-Specific Estimates of Smoking Behaviors for the U.S. Population
- Chapter 3: Cohort Life Tables by Smoking Status, Removing Lung Cancer as a Cause of Death
Model Profiles - documentation for the models utilized in this study using a common template format.
Related Articles and Press Release:
- NCI Press Release
- Smoking Declines Helped Prevent More Lung Cancer Deaths than Expected - NCI Cancer Bulletin
- The 795 Thousand and Ending a Century of Tobacco - Editorial by Thomas J. Glynn